What is Dhikr?
Dhikr is 'remembrance'. In practice it is the recitation of holy verses and Divine Names of God. Angels are always in the state of remembrance of God. Saints and holy people strive to remember God with every breath.
The more a person remembers God, the more they will find peace and satisfaction in their hearts. Remembrance uplifts the spirit and soul.
The Prophet (s) said, "Allah has angels roaming the earth to find people who are in Remembrance of God. When they find a circle of such people, they call each other and encompass them in layers up to the first heaven."
And Allah asks his angels, 'What are my servants doing?' The angels say, 'O Allah, they are praising You and glorifying You and they are making Dzikr.'
Allah says, 'Did they see Me?' The angels answer, 'No, they didn't see You.' Then Allah asks, 'How would it be if they were to see Me?' The angels reply, 'O Allah, if they were to see You, they would be making more praise of You and more glorification of You and more Rembrance of You.'
The Naqshbandi Tariqat has a silent dhikr practiced daily by the student with prayer beads (tasbih), and group dhikr which is performed at least once a week, often more. This involves some recitation of Qur'an, praising God and reciting the Divine Attributes of Allah.
Another form of dhikr is Whirling and Music. This is a form of meditation which was founded by the followers of Jalal ad-Din Muhammad Rumi in 1273 in Konya, Turkey. Known as the Whirling Dervishes due to their famous practice of whirling as a form of dhikr (remembrance of Allah), this tariqat, or path, is called the Mevlevi Order. The Naqshbandis have recently initiated this form of dhikr into their practices in the U.S. and throughout many Naqshbandi Sufi centers throughout the world.